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Nicholas Roerich

Nicolas Roerich Nikolai Konstantinovich Roerich was born in 1874 in St. Petersburg in a family of Russian high bourgeoisie. He studied law and enrolled simultaneously in the Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg. In 1899, he met Helena Ivanovna Shaposhnikova, a gifted pianist and a woman of great spirituality, whom he married in 1901.
Early on, he showed curiosity and talent for many activities, and 9, a renowned archaeologist who had in his region to conduct exploration work took him with him. This experience of discovering the hidden mysteries he could deflower his own hands so fascinated, that throughout his life, he will keep a passion for archeology.
Together they are the source of the Agni Yoga Society, a "movement for a living ethic that includes and synthesizes the religious philosophies and teachings of all ages."
For other meetings, he developed his interest in prehistoric artifacts, coins, minerals, and he built himself his own "arboretum" for the study of trees and plants.
Alongside his passion for the land, he showed an amazing aptitude for drawing, which took him 16 years to think seriously about entering the Academy of Arts and considered a career as an artist.
But his father did not consider painting as a serious vocation for a prominent member of society, and he insisted that his son borrows its not in legal studies. However, a compromise was found. In 1893, Nicholas integra simultaneously the Academy of Arts and the University of St Petersburg.
In 1895 Roerich met an eminent writer and historian of the time, Vladimir Stasov. With the latter, it will be introduced in the company of famous Russian artists and composers such as: - Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Stravinsky and Fyodor Chaliapin. During concerts and short of the conservatory, he will discover the works of Glazunov, Liadov, Arensky, Wagner, Scriabin and Prokofiev for the first time. Thrilled, he developed a passion for music.
Wagner in particular dazzled, and later as a stage designer, he made most of decorations and costumes for the operas of Wagner.

Thus, the terms and analogies of music they were assimilated to his painting technique. He frequently described the music as the use of color and color matching, and he implemented this sensitivity in his operas decorations.
Nina Selivanova in his book "The World of Roerich" says that "the original force of Roerich work is to control the symmetries, and to define the rhythms like an epic melody. "
Russian Nicholas Roerich (1874-1947), artist, writer, archaeologist, explorer and visionary, is his first notoriety to his talent as a painter and his rich work of 7000 paintings dominated by a deep spirituality, love of Nature - the Himalayan mountains in the first place - and faith in an era of peace for mankind in whose service Roerich places culture. During his expedition in Central Asia between 1925 and 1928, he crossed Tibet twice ...
Research Pearl is made in 1924 during the trip of the Roerich family in India. At the forefront of a tremendous view of the snow capped Himalayan mountains bathed in a sea of ​​clouds, a Master and his disciple are represented seated. "The Master examines a pearl necklace seeking that without which this day would be lived without purpose. The necklace - eternity symbol - means that the daily search must be eternally "(trad Decter, 1989: 141.).
Accordingly, the background here again the central theme of the painting: the mountains symbolizing the ascent of the disciple at the same time that the world summits of beauty and spirituality.
Between 1925 and 1928, the Roerich an expedition in Central Asia, the first European expedition across the Gobi Desert. Roerich tells himself that "this was not just a scientific expedition, but also a spiritual quest." On their return, they create an Institute of Himalayan Research, Urusvati ( "Light of the Morning Star"). there we see among others the compilation of a dictionary Tibetan - English, but also a first inventory of medicinal plants of Tibet.
In the Pearl Research already suggests Roerich his belief that it is the nature of man to prepare the New Era, Era of Peace, Beauty and Truth. These are equal-ment themes that are placed at the heart of the works of the last period.
The conclusion in 1935 of the Roerich Pact is the culmination of all the efforts of this great humanist. She brought him also nominated for the Nobel Prize. This treaty is symbolized by the Banner of Peace, three points circled: Art, Science and Religion representing the whole of Culture. It will lead in 1954 to the Hague Convention on Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict.
And found himself taken the first step towards the great hope of Roerich for all humanity: the pooling of all scientific and creative disciplines to advance true culture and international peace.

art 2015 | stály odkaz


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